TIKVES
WINE DISTRICT
Macedonia’s vineyards heartland, Tikves, has produced wine since the 4th century BC. It features rolling vineyards, lakes, caves and mountains, plus archaeological sites and churches. It’s especially beautiful at dusk, when the fading sunlight suffuses soft hills laden with millions of grapes. Tikves’ local grapes generally retain an ideal sugar concentration (17% to 26%).

Tikves is the most well-known wine region in Macedonia. It is located in the very heart of the country and stretches along similar latitudes as the Bordeaux region in France, Tuscany region in Italy and the Napa Valley region in California. The wine district is situated on around 2,000 sqm of fertile land, surrounded by mountains on three sides. This district embraces the flat and undulating hills that stretch to the Veles canyon on the north, Demir Kapija canyon on the south, Drenovo and Mariovo Mountains on the southeast and Plaush and Konce mountains on the northeast. The specific part comes from the length where the rivers Vardar, Crna, Raec and Bregalnica pass in the lower flow. All these rivers and mountains have a special influence on district’s agro ecological, relief and pedologic characteristics.

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With nearly 13,000 hectares of vines, the Tikves wine region represents around one third of the all grapes grown in Macedonia, a place where the southern Mediterranean climate, full of long and warm summers and the northern continental climate, with mild and rainy winters, combine. The average air temperatures per year are 13.3°С and the vegetation temperatures are 18°С. The summers are long and hot with temperatures that go even beyond 43°С and the winters mild and rainy with an average annual rainfall insufficient and unevenly distributed of 293 mm during the vegetation period. The vineyards are located at an average of 300 metres above sea level, protected by mountains and highlands on three sides, channelling the gentle north winds and Mediterranean climates, creating ideal grape growing conditions.

Grapevines are mostly planted on chernozem, rendzina and vertisol soils, and only occasionally on cinnamonic and diluvial soils.

There are over 20 different grapes varieties grown in the Tikves district including many indigenous and international varieties such as red varieties including Vranec, Kratosija, Kadarka, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Pinot Noir, Syrah in addition to Žilavka, Župljanka, Graševina, Plavec, Smederevka, Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc, Muscat Ottonel, R’kaciteli and Riesling for the whites.

• CLIMATE mediterranean and continental, hot summers and mild winter, lowest amount of rainfall
• ALTITUDE from 110 to 650 m
• TERRAIN mildly slopes , low hills
• SOIL Diluvial type of soil, mostly clay, volcanic and sandy plots, rich with cinnamon and resin
• VARIETIES Vranec, Kratoshija, Cabernet sauvignon, Cabernet franc, Merlot, Syrah, Chardonnay, Smederevka, Grenache blanc, Sauvignon, Temjanika, Zilavka, Rkaciteli
• MICRO LOCATIONS Vilarov, Lepovo, Disan, Vrsnik, Smolnik, Bela Voda, Barovo, Ridishte, Svrachka, Mechkovec, Ramniste, Cicevo, Aerodrom
• TOTAL HECTARES PLANTED 12,000 ha
• NUMBER OF WINERIES 37
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