Skopje is the bustling capital of Macedonia. Macedonia is known for its fine wines, and Skopje’s wine district is the top of the barrel. Grapes grow in abundance on the outskirts of the city, where several wineries harvest their crops; and within the city, bustling wineries serve wine-loving tourists in some of the city’s most historic districts.

Skopje valley, according to the climate parametres, belongs to the Continental-sub mediterranean climate zone. It is a typical zone where the influences of the Sub-med¬iterranean and Eastern continental climate combine. Unlike the other vineyards, Veles and Tikves, where the distance from the Ae¬gean Sea and the vicinity to the higher moun¬tains is more expressed, Skopje vineyards are more influenced by the continental climate. The climate is less homogenous and the range that varies between separate climate elements is big.

According to the approximate values, the average air temperature per year is 12.5°С and the vegetation temperature is 17.1°С for many years now. The temperatures mea¬sured here vary from 0.5 to 3.1°С in winter, which is quite lower than the other vine¬yards that belong to this climate zone. The Skopje wine district is charac¬teristic for its large number of winter days covered in ice.

There is a very small amount of rainfall and it is usually unevenly distributed. Ac¬cording to the values of the average rainfall through the years, the precipitation is 460.9 mm, and the vegetation precipitation is 301.7 mm. According to the drought index, this is the arid climate zone. The drought period happens in July and August with me¬dium intensity.

The average monthly insolation varies from 10.3 hours in July to 2.0 hours in De¬cember or the average vegetation period is 7.6 hours.

• CLIMATE continental-sub-mediterranean, hot summers and cold winter
• ALTITUDE from 250 to 600 m
• TERRAIN hilly and wavy, mildly slopes
• SOIL Moist clay soils, Red Cambrian with stony subsoil
• VARIETIES Vranec, Cabernet sauvignon, Merlot, Syrah, Prokupec, Chardonnay, Smederevka, Sauvignon, Muscat ottonel
• MICRO LOCATIONS Kamnik, Markov Manastir, Cetiri patista