The word Vranec means strong, black and powerful horse (black stallion), and wine made from this grape variety is associated with strength, potency, and success. Vranec also means raven coloured or black, which is why the wine is known also as black wine in Macedonia.
Vranec is a local, Balkan variety and its wines represent the character of the people who live in these areas – warm–blooded and strong. It is assumed that it was created by natural crossbreeding or as a result of spontaneous mutations. It has been grown for a long time in Montenegro, and it also can be found in Dalmacija, Herzegovina, but in Macedonia it’s the most important and leading variety for red wine production, rep¬resenting, at the same time, the type of the Macedonian red wines.
The climate conditions in the Republic of Macedonia enable successful growing for this variety in almost every wine growing area. This variety can mostly be found in the central wine districts through the valley of the River Vardar.
The variety Vranec has got exuberant grapevine, middle-sized clusters and dark blue grapes with coloured skin enriched by colouring substances. It ripens in the second half of September.